What’s the Difference Between the Different Types of Interventions?

What’s the Difference Between the Different Types of Interventions?An addiction intervention may seem like a one size fits all method for getting struggling addicts to accept professional treatment for their substance abuse. However, there are different addiction intervention models that utilize different methods for conducting the intervention as well as for deciding who to involve and who not to involve in the process.

Many of the different addiction intervention models use similar elements and have overlapping themes across the different types, but they also have particular differences that can make or break the success of the intervention. There are different intervention models because all addicts are different. Different addicts are in different stages of their addiction, respond differently to confrontation, and have unique family dynamics. The type of intervention that should be held depends on the addict and how he or she may best respond to the different intervention models.

Simple Intervention

InterventionSupport.com explains that simple interventions bypass the large, confrontational types of addiction interventions that people are used to seeing on television shows. Instead, a simple intervention suggests that one trusted and loving family member who holds a good relationships with the addict simply approach the addict and ask him to stop using drugs and enter into a treatment program. In many cases, all an addict needs is a trusted friend or family member to help him recognize his need for change. Simple interventions are typically not recommended for addicts who have had a long history of addiction with multiple drug-related problems. Addicts who have had numerous relational problems within the family dynamic will typically not benefit from a simple intervention.

Addicts who are in the beginning stages of their addiction are more likely to be aware that what they are doing is wrong and they may even feel guilty about the people they are hurting. However, the guilt and hurt never becomes real enough to invoke change until a trusted and respected family member approaches them about their drug problem. Some types of simple interventions are not even conducted by family members, as a simple health check-up with a doctor can often be enough to help the addict realize that she needs to stop what she is doing.

Johnson Model Intervention

Michael’s House explains that when a simple intervention does not do the trick, a Johnson model intervention can be more effective at getting the addict to accept treatment. This method of intervening is characterized by a large group of trusted friends and family members gathering together before the intervention to consult on how and when to conduct it. The participants will decide on what to say, when to say it and how to say it. In most cases, a Johnson model intervention enlists the help of a professional interventionist to conduct the intervention. The family and friends of the addict surprise the addict with a sudden meeting preferably in a neutral location. Once everybody has a chance to say what he or she wants to say, a list of consequences are implemented in the event that the addict does not accept immediate treatment.

In some cases, Johnson model interventions can become confrontational especially when a trained interventionist is not present. When interventions become too confrontational they are more likely to be ineffective and unsuccessful.

Systemic Model Intervention

The systemic model of addiction interventions adopts the notion that there may be more to addicts struggle then their own behavior. In many cases, the whole family dynamic is in some way responsible for the road that the addict has gone down. Poor communication, violence, protecting the addict from the consequences of his actions, or when a parent blames herself for the addict’s situation, are all contributing factors to a person’s struggle with addiction. This model of intervention embraces that fact and addresses all the family issues that need to change in order for the addict to overcome addiction.

A systemic intervention model can be uniquely effective at helping addicts accept treatment services because it puts everyone to blame and requires everyone to change in order for treatment to be successful. The addict may realize that everyone is working on changing and be more prone to accepting responsibility for changing himself as well.

Arise Model Intervention

The Arise model of addiction intervention basically combines a systemic intervention with a Johnson model intervention. The focus of the intervention is that the whole family needs to change in some way along with the addict, but there will also be consequences implemented by the family members if the addict does not accept treatment. A study published in the American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse found that this type of intervention took an average of one week to convince the addict to accept treatment, rather than accepting it immediately, which is typically the goal of every other intervention model.

Crisis Intervention

In some cases a crisis can occur in the life of an addict such as an accidental overdose, suicide attempt or an attempt to harm another person. These types of crisis situations can make it obvious that the addict needs immediate treatment and can cause an unplanned intervention to be held. The goal of a crisis intervention is to neutralize any danger present in the current situation and get the addict into treatment immediately.

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